The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of dynamic trunk exercises and isometric trunk exercises on gait in elderly people.
This study randomly allocated 20 elderly people to an isometric trunk exercise group (n=10) and a dynamic trunk exercise group (n=10). The exercises were performed for 30 minutes three times a week for 12 weeks. Gait speed, stride length, cadence, and step width were measured at a normal pace using GAITRite. All groups were evaluated before and after 12 weeks.
The isometric exercise group showed a signifcant change in gait velocity, cadence, and left and right step lengths. The dynamic trunk exercise group showed a signifcant change in gait velocity, cadence, left and right step lengths, left and right step times, and left and right stride lengths. Moreover, a comparison of the exercise effect between the two groups showed a signifcant difference in gait velocity.
The results of this study suggest that isometric trunk exercises and dynamic trunk exercises have a positive effect on gait function in elderly people. In particular, isometric trunk exercises are recommended to promote gait velocity.