Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of isokinetic eccentric training (IET) on lower extremity muscle activation and walking velocity according to slow velocity and fast velocity of isokinetic eccentric training in stroke patients.
Methods: Thirty subjects were randomly divided into three groups: experimental group I (n=10), group II (n=10), and control group III (n=10). Each group was provided intervention under three conditions, as follows: isokinetic eccentric training + slow velocity (group I), isokinetic eccentric training + fast velocity (group II), and sit to stand training (group III). The training program was conducted for eight weeks (five times per week; 30 minutes per day). Subjects were measured on lower extremity muscle (vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, gastrocnemius) activation and walking velocity. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were performed for comparison of lower extremity muscle activation and walking velocity between different intervention methods.
Results: Significant difference in lower extremity muscle activation and walking velocity was observed in experimental group I and group II compared with the control group III (p<0.01). Results of post-hoc analysis showed a significant in lower extremity muscle activation and walking velocity in group I compared with group II and group III.
Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that slow velocity and fast velocity using isokinetic eccentric training may have a beneficial effect on improvement of lower extremity muscle activation and walking velocity in stroke patients.